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Guess the disease!

Topic: Behavior

Created on Wednesday, February 21 2007 by jdmiles

Last modified on Wednesday, February 21 2007.

GUESS WHAT I'M THINKING!

I'm thinking of a subtype of progressive cerebral poliodystrophy in which there are also hepatic symptoms: jaundice, fatty degeneration, and cirrhosis. Other symptoms include anemia, thrombocytopenia, and trichorrhexis.
What disease am I thinking of?

 
        A) Wilson's Disease
 
        B) Alpers-Hutttenlocher syndrome
 
        C) Sydenham Chorea
 
        D) Korsakoff's Amnesic Syndrome
 
        E) Hemifacial Spasm
 

 


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This question was created on February 21, 2007 by jdmiles.
This question was last modified on February 21, 2007.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

ANSWERS AND EXPLANATIONS




A) Wilson's Disease

This answer is incorrect.


Wilson's Disease is a disease wherein decreased cerluloplasmin leads to deposition of copper first in the liver and later in the brain (especially putamen and globus pallidus). Common symptoms include tremor and bradykinesia. Treatment is with d-penicillamine.  (See References)

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B) Alpers-Hutttenlocher syndrome

This answer is correct.


Alpers-Hutttenlocher syndrome is a subtype of progressive cerebral poliodystrophy in which there are also hepatic symptoms: jaundice, fatty degeneration, and cirrhosis. Other symptoms include anemia, thrombocytopenia, and trichorrhexis.  (See References)

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C) Sydenham Chorea

This answer is incorrect.


Sydenham Chorea is a choreiform disorder associated with streptococcal infection.   (See References)

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D) Korsakoff's Amnesic Syndrome

This answer is incorrect.


Korsakoff's Amnesic Syndrome is a syndrome of severe anterograde and retrograde amnesia. It is often associated with polyenuropathy. It is frequently associated with a thiamine deficiency secondary to alcoholism or malnutrition, with lesions of the mammillary bodies visible on pathology or MRI. It can have other etiologies, including ischemic lesions in various parts of the brain.   (See References)

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E) Hemifacial Spasm

This answer is incorrect.


Hemifacial Spasm is a disorder characterised by painless twitching of the muscles on one side of the face (in 5%, bilateral, but asynchronous when it is). Usually caused by arterial compression of the facial nerve, which results in focal demyelination followed by ephaptic coupling of parallel axons. It can also result from Bell's palsy. Medcial treatments include Carbemazepine, baclofen, gabapentin and botulinum toxin. Surgical decompression of the nerve is a highly successful procedure, with some risks, including monaural deafness.  (See References)

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References:

1. Victor, M., and Ropper, A.H. (2001). Adams and Victor's Principles of Neurology, 7th Edition. McGraw-Hill, New York.
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behavior
Guess the disease!
Question ID: 02210701
Question written by J. Douglas Miles, (C) 2006-2009, all rights reserved.
Created: 02/21/2007
Modified: 02/21/2007
Estimated Permutations: 0

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