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Extraocular muscles

Topic: Anatomy

Created on Tuesday, July 11 2006 by

Last modified on Wednesday, December 31 1969.

A 85 year-old female defense attorney visits you in the Lincoln bedroom in the White House, complaining of diplopia.
You note that most of the time that she is facing you and talking, she sits with her chin turned toward her right shoulder and her right eye abducted.
Based on this information alone, you suspect that there may be a paresis of which extraocular muscle?

 
        A) Right oblique rectus
 
        B) Left inferior rectus
 
        C) Right inferior rectus
 
        D) Left medial rectus
 
        E) Left oblique rectus
 

 


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This question was created on July 11, 2006 by .
This question was last modified on December 31, 1969.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

ANSWERS AND EXPLANATIONS




A) right oblique rectus

This answer is incorrect.


This presentation is typical of a paresis of the left medial rectus. The right oblique rectus is not a real muscle.  (See References)

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B) left inferior rectus

This answer is incorrect.


This presentation is typical of a paresis of the left medial rectus. A patient with a paresis of the left inferior rectus muscle will have impaired depression and outward rotation of the left eye, and is likely to try to minimize her diplopia by looking at the world with her chin held down with no extraordinary tilting of her head.  (See References)

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C) right inferior rectus

This answer is incorrect.


This presentation is typical of a paresis of the left medial rectus. A patient with a paresis of the right inferior rectus muscle will have impaired depression and outward rotation of the right eye, and is likely to try to minimize her diplopia by looking at the world with her chin held down with no extraordinary tilting of her head.  (See References)

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D) left medial rectus

This answer is correct.


This presentation is typical of a paresis of the left medial rectus. A patient with a paresis of the left medial rectus muscle will have impaired adduction of the left eye, and is likely to try to minimize her diplopia by looking at the world with her chin turned toward her right shoulder and her right eye abducted.  (See References)

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E) left oblique rectus

This answer is incorrect.


This presentation is typical of a paresis of the left medial rectus. The left oblique rectus is not a real muscle.  (See References)

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References:

1. Ross, R.T. (1999). How to Examine the Nervous System, 3rd Edition. Appleton & Lange, Stamford, Connecticut. Pp. 45-60
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anatomy
Extraocular muscles
Question ID: 0000003
Question written by . (C) FrontalCortex.com 2006-2009, all rights reserved. Created: 07/11/2006
Modified: 12/31/1969
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