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Dementia 02

Topic: Imaging

Created on Thursday, February 22 2007 by jdmiles

Last modified on Thursday, February 22 2007.

A 85 year-old male presents to your office accompanied by his gardener, who provides most of the history.
The gardener states that for quite some time, the patient has been forgetting things more frequently, has had periods when he is lethargic and drowsy, and others when he is more alert, developed a tremor, has complained of seeing people in the room that nobody else sees, has fallen several times, and has had increasing difficulty inititiating movement.
Which of the following pathology findings is MOST characteristic of this patient's disease?

 
        A) Inclusions comprised primarily of American cheese
 
        B) Lesions in the mammillary bodies
 
        C) Lewy bodies
 
        D) Amyloid plaques
 
        E) Bunina bodies
 

 


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This question was created on February 22, 2007 by jdmiles.
This question was last modified on February 22, 2007.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

ANSWERS AND EXPLANATIONS




A) inclusions comprised primarily of American cheese

This answer is incorrect.


Oh, come on. American cheese?  (See References)

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B) lesions in the mammillary bodies

This answer is incorrect.


This patient's history is consistent with dementia with Lewy bodies (DLB). Patients with DLB develop Parkinsonian symptoms and dementia symptoms at approximately the same time. Other key clinical features include recurrent visual hallucinations and fluctuations in mental status. Lesions in the mammillary bodies are seen in Korsakoff amnestic state.  (See References)

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C) Lewy bodies

This answer is correct.


This patient's history is consistent with dementia with Lewy bodies (DLB). Patients with DLB develop Parkinsonian symptoms and dementia symptoms at approximately the same time. Other key clinical features include recurrent visual hallucinations and fluctuations in mental status. Lewy bodies are eosinophilic cytoplasmic inclusions which contain alpha-synuclein.  (See References)

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D) amyloid plaques

This answer is incorrect.


This patient's history is consistent with dementia with Lewy bodies (DLB). Patients with DLB develop Parkinsonian symptoms and dementia symptoms at approximately the same time. Other key clinical features include recurrent visual hallucinations and fluctuations in mental status. Amyloid plaques are seen in DLB, but widespread Lewy bodies are a more defining feature.  (See References)

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E) Bunina bodies

This answer is incorrect.


This patient's history is consistent with dementia with Lewy bodies (DLB). Patients with DLB develop Parkinsonian symptoms and dementia symptoms at approximately the same time. Other key clinical features include recurrent visual hallucinations and fluctuations in mental status. Neuronal aggregates and Bunina bodies are seen in amyotrophic lateral sclerosis.  (See References)

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References:

1. Victor, M., and Ropper, A.H. (2001). Adams and Victor's Principles of Neurology, 7th Edition. McGraw-Hill, New York.
2. DeKosky, S.T., Kaufer, D.I., and Lopez, O.L. (2004). The Dementias. In Bradley, W.G., Daroff, R.B., Fenichel, G.M., and Jankovic, J. (Eds.). Neurology in Clinical Practice, 4th Edition. Butterworth Heinemann, Philadelphia. Pp. 1901-1951
3. Prayson, R.A., and Goldblum, J.R. (Eds.) (2005). Neuropathology. Elsevier, Philadelphia.
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imaging
Dementia 02
Question ID: 02220701
Question written by J. Douglas Miles, (C) 2006-2009, all rights reserved.
Created: 02/22/2007
Modified: 02/22/2007
Estimated Permutations: 0

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